Program and Research Publications

Maximizing adherence and retention for women living with HIV and their infants in Kenya (MOTIVATE! study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Thomas A. Odeny, Maricianah Onono, Kevin Owuor, Anna Helova, Iris Wanga, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Janet M. Turan and Lisa L. Abuogi. Trials. January 2018.

Association of implementation of a universal testing and treatment intervention with HIV diagnosis, receipt of antiretroviral therapy, and viral suppression in East Africa
Maya Petersen; Laura Balzer, PhD; Dalsone Kwarsiima; et al. JAMA. June 2017.

Predictors of retention in HIV care among youth (15-24) in a universal test-and-treat setting in rural Kenya
Lillian B Brown; James Ayieko; Florence Mwangwa; Asiphas Owaraganise; Dalsone Kwarisiima; Vivek Jain; Theodore Ruel; Tamara Clark; Douglas Black; Gabriel Chamie; Elizabeth A Bukusi; Craig R Cohen; Moses R Kamya; Maya L Petersen; Edwin D Charlebois; Diane V Havlir. JAIDS. April 2017.

Integration of family planning services into HIV care clinics: Results one year after a cluster randomized controlled trial in Kenya
Craig R. Cohen , Daniel Grossman, Maricianah Onono, Cinthia Blat, Sara J. Newmann, Rachel L. Burger, Starley B. Shade, Norah Bett, Elizabeth A. Bukusi. PLOS ONE. March 2017.

Factors associated with mother to child transmission of HIV despite overall low transmission rates in HIV-exposed infants in rural Kenya
Nicollate A Okoko, Kevin O Owuor, Jayne L Kulzer, George O Owino, Irene A Ogolla, Ronald W Wandera, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen and Lisa L Abuogi. International Journal of STD & AIDS. February 2017.

A Livelihood Intervention to Reduce the Stigma of HIV in Rural Kenya: Longitudinal Qualitative Study
Alexander C. Tsai; Abigail M. Hatcher, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Elly Weke, Lee Lemus Hufstedler, Shari L. Dworkin, Stephen Kodish, Craig R. Cohen, Sheri D. Weiser

Characteristics of pediatric patients enrolled in HIV clinics over time in Kisumu, Kenya
Oyaro P; Mburu M; Lewis-Kulzer J; Shade SB; Nyanaro G; Guze MA; Blat C; Cohen CR;Bukusi EA; Abuogi L

They are likely to be there: Family testing approach to facilitate achievement of 90:90:90 strategy among children in Kenya
Nicollate Okoko, Eliud Akama, Maggie Mburu, Frankline Otieno, Julie Kadima, Cinthia Blat, Hellen Muttai, Lisa Abuogi, Patrick Oyaro, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Jayne Lewis Kulzer

Can children with HIV reach the 90-90-90 goals?: Viral suppression in a pediatric patient population in western Kenya
Patterson B., Kadima J., Mburu M., Blat C., Bukusi EA., Cohen CR., Oyaro P., Abuogi L.

Does higher body mass index worsen efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy’s negative impact on the contraceptive implant’s effectiveness among HIV-positive women?
Rena C. Patel, Maricianah Onono, Maria Pyra, Jared Baeten, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen

Implementation of repeat HIV testing during pregnancy in Kenya: a qualitative study
Anna Joy Rogers , Elly Weke, Zachary Kwena, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Patrick Oyaro, Craig R. Cohen and Janet M. Turan
during pregnancy in Kenya: a qualitative study. BMC Childbirth and Pregnancy (published July 2016)

Movement between facilities for HIV care among a mobile population in Kenya: transfer, loss to follow-up, and reengagement
Matthew D. Hickey, Dan Omollo, Charles R. Salmen, Brian Mattah, CinthiaBlat, Gor Benard Ouma, Kathryn J. Fiorella, Betty Njoroge, Monica Gandhi,Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen & Elvin H. Geng; AIDS Care (published 4 May 2016)

Treatment Buddies Improve Clinic Attendance among Women but not Men on Antiretroviral
Kibaara C, Blat C, Lewis-Kulzer J, Mbullo P, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA; AIDS Research and Treatment (published 23 Mar 2016)

Advancing care for HIV-positive children and adolescents in Kenya

 The time has come to make cervical cancer prevention an essential part of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services for HIV-positive women in low-income countries (published: 1 Dec 2015)

Megan J Huchko, May Maloba, Miriam Nakalembe, Craig R Cohen |

Loss to follow-up among youth accessing outpatient HIV care and treatment services in Kisumu, Kenya (Nov 2015)

VO Ojwang, J Penner, C Blat, K Agot, EA Bukusi, CR Cohen

Contraception for young girls living with HIV: barriers and facilitators to service provision in western Kenya (Sep 2015)

Hagey JM, Akama E, Ayieko J, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Patel RC. J Int AIDS Soc.
2015 Sep 16;18(1):20123. doi: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20123. eCollection 2015.

Community perceptions of childbearing and use of saferconception strategies among HIV-discordant couples in
Kisumu, Kenya (Jun 2015)

Brooke T Breitnauer, Okeoma Mmeje, Betty Njoroge, Lynae A Darbes, Anna Leddy, and Joelle Brown
Journal of the International AIDS Society 2015, 18:19972

Pregnancy rates in HIV-positive women using contraceptives and efavirenz-based or nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy in Kenya: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet HIV 2015.

Rena C Patel, Maricianah Onono, Monica Gandhi, Cinthia Blat, Jill Hagey, Starley B Shade, Eric Vittinghoff, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Sara J Newmann, Craig R Cohen. Published Online October 16, 2015

Barriers and facilitators adolescent females living with HIV face in accessing contraceptive services: a qualitative assessment of providers’ perceptions in western Kenya.

Hagey, J. M., Akama, E., Ayieko, J., Bukusi, E. A., Cohen, C. R., & Patel, R. C. (2015). Journal of the International AIDS Society, 18(1), 20123.

Integrating family planning into HIV care in western Kenya: HIV care providers’ perspectives and experiences one year following integration

Sara J. Newmann, Jennifer M. Zakaras, Amy R. Tao, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Rachel Steinfeld & Daniel Grossman

DOI:10.1080/09540121.2015.1080791. Published online: 25 Sep 2015

Implementation and Operational Research: Pulling the Network Together: Quasiexperimental Trial of a Patient-Defined Support Network Intervention for Promoting Engagement in HIV Care and Medication Adherence on Mfangano Island, Kenya

Hickey, Matthew D.; Salmen, Charles R.; Omollo, Dan; Mattah, Brian; Fiorella, Kathryn J. MPH; Geng, Elvin H.; Bacchetti, Peter; Blat, Cinthia; Ouma, Gor B.; Zoughbie, Daniel; Tessler, Robert A. MD; Salmen, Marcus R.; Campbell, Harold; Gandhi, Monica; Shade, Starley; Njoroge, Betty; Bukusi, Elizabeth A. Cohen, Craig R. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 1 August 2015 – Volume 69 – Issue 4 – p e127–e134 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000664 Clinical Science

A Randomized Trial Comparing the Diagnostic Accuracy of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid to Visual Inspection with Lugol’s Iodine for Cervical Cancer Screening in HIV-Infected Women

Megan J. Huchko, Jennifer Sneden, Jennifer M. Zakaras, Karen Smith-McCune, George Sawaya, May Maloba, Elizabeth Ann Bukusi, and Craig R. Cohen.

PLOS ONE 10(4):E0118568 · APRIL 2015
Impact Factor: 3.23 · DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118568
Published 7 April 2015

Effects of Antenatal Care and HIV Treatment Integration on Elements of the PMTCT Cascade: Results From the SHAIP Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Kenya
Janet M. Turan, Maricianah Onono, Rachel L. Steinfeld, Starley B. Shade,  Kevin Owuor, Sierra Washington,M Elizabeth A. Bukusi,Marta L. Ackers, Jackson Kioko, Evelyn C. Interis and Craig R. Cohen  JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:

Implementation and Operational Research: Effect of Integration of HIV Care and Treatment Into Antenatal Care Clinics on Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission and Maternal Outcomes in Nyanza, Kenya: Results From the SHAIP Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Washington, Sierra MD, MSc; Owuor, Kevin MSc; Turan, Janet M. PhD, MPH; Steinfeld, Rachel L. MHS; Onono, Maricianah MBChB, MSc; Shade, Starley B. MPH, PhD; Bukusi, Elizabeth A. MBChB, MMed, MPH, PhD; Ackers, Marta L. MD; Cohen, Craig R. MD, MPH; JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:15 August 2015 – Volume 69 – Issue 5 – p e164–e171 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000656

Community perceptions of childbearing and use of safer conception strategies among HIV-discordant couples in Kisumu, Kenya Brooke T Breitnauer, Okeoma Mmeje, Betty Njoroge, Lynae A Darbes, Anna Leddy and Joelle Brown JIAS, 12 June 2015 |

The effect of integration of HIV care and treatment into antenatal care clinics on mother-to-child HIV transmission and maternal outcomes in Nyanza, Kenya: results from the SHAIP cluster randomized controlled trial. Sierra Washington, Kevin Owuor, Janet Turan, Rachel Steinfeld, Maricianah Onono, Starley Shade, Elizabeth Bukusi, Marta Ackers, Craig Cohen. JAIDS, April 2015, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000656

Estimation of mortality among HIV-infected people on antiretroviral treatment in east Africa: a sampling based approach in an observational, multisite, cohort study.
Elvin H Geng, Thomas A Odeny, Rita E Lyamuya, Alice Nakiwogga-Muwanga, Lameck Diero, Mwebesa Bwana, Winnie Muyindike, Paula Braitstein, Geoff rey R Somi, Andrew Kambugu, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Megan Wenger, Kara K Wools-Kaloustian, David V Glidden, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Jeffrey N Martin.Published: The Lancet HIV, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 2015, Pages e107-e116

Uptake of WHO Recommendations for First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia
Herbert C Duber, Emily Dansereau, Samuel H. Masters, Jane Achan, Roy Burstein, Brendan DeCenso, Anne Gasasira, Gloria Ikilezi, Caroline Kisia, Felix Masiye, Pamela Njuguna, Thomas Odeny, Emelda Okiro, D. Allen Roberts, Emmanuela Gakidou. Published: PLOS One, March 25, 2015. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120350     

Around the table: food insecurity, socio-economic status, and instrumental social support among women in Mfangano Island, Kenya. Ecology of Food and Nutrition.
Nagata, J.M., Fiorella, K.J., Hickey, M.D., Salmen, C.R., Weiser, S.D., Bukusi, E.B., Cohen,C.R.  In Press online: 22 Feb 2015. 

Evaluation and Utility of a Family Information Table to Identify and Test Children at Risk of HIV in Kenya
Michelle Meyer, Molly Elmer-DeWitt, Cinthia Blat, Starley B. Shade, Ijaa Kapule, Elizabeth Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Lisa Abuogi
International Journal of MCH and AIDS
Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 236 – 243. Published Online: September 6, 2014

Developing Content for amHealth Intervention to Promote Postpartum Retention in Prevention of Mother-To-Child HIV Transmission Programs and Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV: A Qualitative Study
Thomas A. Odeny, Maya Newman, Elizabeth A. Bukusi1, R. Scott McClelland, Craig R. Cohen,
Carol S. Camlin
Volume 9, Issue 9, 2014, e106383. Published: September 2, 2014

Achieving pregnancy safely: perspectives on timed vaginal insemination among HIV-serodiscordant couples and health-care providers in Kisumu, Kenya.     Okeoma Mmeje, Sheryl van der Poel, Meklit Workneh, Betty Njoroge, Elizabeth Bukusi & Craig R. Cohen. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socia-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV         

Accuracy of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid to detect Cervical Cancer Precursors Among HIV-infected Women in Kenya
Megan J. Huchko, Jennifer Sneden, George Sawaya, Karen Smith-McCune, May Maloba, Naila Abdulrahim, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen           

HIV serostatus and disclosure: implications for infant feeding practice in rural south Nyanza, Kenya.
Maricianah A Onono, Craig R Cohen, Mable Jerop, Elizabeth A Bukusi and Janet M Turan. BMC Public Health 23 April 2014.

Descriptive characteristics and health outcomes of the Food by Prescription nutritional supplemental program for adults living with HIV in Nyanza Province, Kenya.
Jason Nagata, Craig Cohen, Sera Young, Catherine Wamuyu, Mary Armes, Benard Otieno, Hannah Leslie, Madhavi Dandu, Christopher Stewart, Elisabeth Bukusi, Sheri Weiser.  PLOS One (19 March 2014)

Impact of family planning health talks by lay health workers on contraceptive knowledge and attitudes among HIV-infected patients in rural Kenya;
Maricianah Onono, Cinthia Blat, Sondra Miles, Rachel Steinfeld, Pauline Wekesa, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Kevin Owuor, Daniel Grossman, Craig R. Cohen, Sara J. Newmann.
Patient Education and Counseling (Nov 2013)

Integration of family planning services into HIV care and treatment in Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial.
Grossman, Daniel; Onono, Maricianah; Newmann, Sara J.; Blat, Cinthia; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Shade, Starley B.; Steinfeld, Rachel L.; Cohen, Craig R.  AIDS (Oct 2013)

Cost, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness of integrated family planning and HIV services
Shade, Starley B.; Kevany, Sebastian; Onono, Maricianah; Ochieng, George; Steinfeld, Rachel L.; Grossman, Daniel; Newmann, Sara J.; Blat, Cinthia; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Cohen, Craig R. AIDS (Oct 2013),_cost_efficiency_and_cost_effectiveness_of.10.aspx

Does integrating family planning into HIV care and treatment impact intention to use contraception? Patient perspectives from HIV-infected individuals in Nyanza Province, Kenya.
Newmann SJ, Grossman D, Blat C, Onono M, Steinfeld R, Bukusi EA, Shade S, Cohen CR.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. (2013 Aug)

Fertility intentions among HIV-infected, sero-concordant couples in Nyanza province, Kenya.
Withers M, Dworkin S, Harrington E, Kwena Z, Onono M, Bukusi E, Cohen CR, Grossman D, Newmann SJ.
Cult Health Sex. (2013 Jul)

Integration of HIV Care and Primary Health Care Services: Effect on Patient Satisfaction and Stigma in Rural Kenya
Thomas A. Odeny, Jeremy Penner, Jayne Lewis-Kulzer, Hannah H. Leslie, Starley B. Shade, Walter Adero, Jackson Kioko, Craig R. Cohen, Elizabeth A. Bukusi.
AIDS Research and Treatment (May 2013)

Providers’ Perspectives on Provision of Family Planning to HIV-Positive Individuals in HIV Care in Nyanza Province, Kenya
Sara J. Newmann, Kavita Mishra, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Olivia Gage, Rose Odeny, Katie Schwartz, Daniel Grossman
AIDS Research and Treatment (May 2013)

Overcoming Barriers to Family Planning through Integration: Perspectives of HIV-Positive Men in Nyanza Province, Kenya.
Steinfeld RL, Newmann SJ, Onono M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Grossman D.
AIDS Res Treat. (2013 Apr)

The impact of routine cryptococcal antigen screening on survival among HIV-infected individuals with advanced immunosuppression in Kenya
A.-C. L. Meyer1,2, C. K. Kendi1, J. A. Penner1,3, N. Odhiambo1, B. Otieno1, E. Omondi1,
E. Opiyo1,E. A. Bukusi1 and C. R. Cohen4
Tropical Medicine and International Health (April 2013)

Social context and drivers of intimate partner violence in rural Kenya: implications for the health of pregnant women.
Abigail M Hatcher, Patrizia Romito, Merab Odero, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Maricianah Onono, Janet Turan.
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care (Feb 2013)

How Perceptions of HIV-Related Stigma Affect Decision-Making Regarding Childbirth in Rural Kenya
José S. Medema-Wijnveen, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Suellen Miller, Craig R. Cohen, Janet M. Turan
PLoS One (December 2012)

Predictors of outcome in routine care for Cryptococcal meningitis in Western Kenya: lessons for HIV outpatient care in resource-limited settings
Caroline Kendi, Jeremy Penner, Julius Koech, Mary Nyonda, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Evelyn Ngugi, Ana-Claire Lew Meyer
Post Graduate Medical Journal (October 2012)

The Study of HIV and Antenatal Care Integration in Pregnancy in Kenya: Design, Methods, and Baseline Results of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial (September 2012)
Janet M. Turan, Rachel L. Steinfeld, MaricianahOnono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Meghan Woods,
Starley B. Shade, Sierra Washington, ResonMarima, Jeremy Penner, Marta L. Ackers, Dorothy Mbori Ngacha, Craig R. Cohen

Text Messaging to Improve Attendance at Post-operative Clinic Visits after Adult Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial (September 2012)
Thomas A. Odeny, Robert C. Bailey, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Jane M. Simoni, Kenneth A. Tapia, Krista Yuhas, King K. Holmes, R. Scott McClelland

The Role of HIV-Related Stigma in Utilization of Skilled Childbirth Services in Rural Kenya: A Prospective Mixed-Methods Study (August 2012)
Janet M. Turan, Abigail H. Hatcher, Jose Medema-Wijnveen, MaricianahOnono, Suellen Miller, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, BulentTuran, Craig R. Cohen

Factors Associated with Pregnant Women’s Anticipations and Experiences of HIV Stigma in Rural Kenya (July 2012).
Cuca YP,  Onono M, Bukusi EA, Turan JM.   AIDS Care, 2012; 24(9): 1173-1180.

Fertility Intentions and Interest in Integrated Family Planning Services among women living with HIV in Nyanza Province, Kenya: A qualitative study (Volume 2012)
Elizabeth K. Harrington, Sara J. Newmann, MaricianahOnono, Katie D. Schwartz, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Daniel Grossman

Evaluating safer conception options for HIV serodiscordant couples (HIV-infected female/HIV-uninfected male): A closer look at vaginal insemination (Volume 2012)
OkeomaMmeje, Craig R. Cohen, Deborah Cohan

Towards Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: The Impact of a Rapid ResultsInitiative in Nyanza Province, Kenya (February 2012) Lisa Dillabaugh, Jayne Lewis Kulzer, Kevin Owuor, Valerie Ndege,
Arbogast Onyanga, Evelyne Ngugi, Starley Shade, Elizabeth Bukusi, C. Cohen

Family model of HIV care and treatment: a retrospective study in Kenya (February 2012)
Lewis Kulzer J, Marima R, Penner J, Oyaro P, Oyanga A, Shade SB, Blat C, Nyabiage L, Mwachari C, Muttai H,Bukusi EA, Cohen CR

Patient satisfaction with integrated HIV and antenatal care services in rural Kenya (February 2012)
Vo BN, Cohen CR,  Smith RN, Bukusi EA, Onono M, Doolan K, Washington S, Turan JM.

Provider Perspectives on Integration of HIV Services  into Antenatal Care in Rural Kenya:
A Qualitative Interview Study (November 2011)

Winestone L, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Kwaro D, Kley N, Turan JM.

Conceptual framework for understanding the bidirectional links between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS (November 2011)
Sheri D. Weiser (1), Sera L. Young (2), Craig R. Cohen (2),
Margot B. Kushel (3), Alexander C. Tsai (4), Phyllis C. Tien (5),
Abigail M. Hatcher (1, 2), Edward A. Frongillo (6), David R. Bangsberg (7)

Predictors of Linkage to HIV Care and Treatment: Findings following a Community-Based HIV Counseling and Testing Campaign in Kenya (October 2011) 
Hatcher AM,* Turan JM, Leslie, HH, Kanya LW,
Kwena Z, Johnson MO, Shade S, Bukusi EA, Doyen A,  Cohen CR.

Use of Personal Digital Assistants for Data collection in a multisite AIDS stigma study
in rural South Nyanza, Kenya (September 2011)

Onono M*, Carraher N, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Oyanga A, Turan JM

Evaluating the uptake, acceptability, and effectiveness of Uliza! clinicians’ HIV hotline: a telephone consultation service in Kenya (August 2011)
Charles Karari BSC, Robin Tittle MGH, Jayne Kulzer MPH,
Jeremy Penner MD, Elizabeth A Bukusi MBChB, MMed, MPH, PhD,
Reson Marima MBChB, Craig R Cohen MD, MPH

Training needs and evaluation of a neuro-HIV training module for non physician healthcare workers in Western Kenya (August 2011)

Cettomai, D, Kwasa, J, Birbeck, GL, Price,
RW, Bukusi, EA, Cohen, CR, Meyer, AL.

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure; safety and tolerability among HIV positive Kenyan women (June 2011)

Woo V, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Huchko M.

Building Capacity for Cervical Cancer Screening in Outpatient HIV Clinics in the
Nyanza Province of Western Kenya (May 2011)

Huchko MJ, Bukusi EB, Cohen CR.

Utility of Quantitative Sensory Testing and Screening Tools in Identifying HIV-Associated Peripheral Neuropathy in Western Kenya: Pilot Testing (December 2010)

Deanna Cettomai, Judith Kwasa, Caroline Kendi, Gretchen L. Birbeck, Richard W. Price,
Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Craig R. Cohen, Ana-Claire Meyer

Male Circumcision in the General Population of Kisumu, Kenya: Beliefs about Protection,
Risk behaviors, HIV, and STIs (December 2010)

Cohen, Craig; Dr Elizabeth Bukusi; Michele Montandon; Robert C. Bailey; Zachary Kwena

Pregnancy and HIV transmission among HIV discordant couples in a clinical trial in Kisumu, Kenya (October 2010)

SG Brubaker, EA Bukusi, J Odoyo, J Achando, A Okumu, CR Cohen

Safety of Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure performed by clinical officers in an HIV-care and treatment clinic in Kisumu, Kenya (October 2010)

Huchko MJ, Maloba MO, Bukusi EB.

HIV/AIDS Stigma and Refusal of HIV Testing among Pregnant Women in Rural Kenya:
Results from the MAMAS Study (September 2010)

Turan JM, Bukusi EA, Onono M, Holzemer WL, Miller S, Cohen CR.

Shamba Maisha: A pilot study assessing impacts ofa micro-irrigation intervention on the health andeconomic wellbeing of HIV patients (May 2010)

Jay A Pandit, Nicole Sirotin,Robin Tittle, Elijah Onjolo, Elizabeth A Bukusi,Craig R Cohen





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